Stages Of App Development in 2020 — Your First Full Guide

Understanding the stages of application development at least theoretically helps you set the right expectation for your team, be prepared in advance for certain discussions and know why this or that phase is critical.

The article is about stages of the mobile app development process — from the very start of the project to the final point when a team releases their product to you. The article will be useful for those who are interested in software projects and want to know more about software development to operate business terms and be on the same wave with managers, engineers in the business world.

Understanding Agile approach

Agile is known as one of the methodologies of SDLC (Software development life cycle) which is a consequence of phases from the project start to its end. Each phase is a collection of activities, completion of which guarantee exact deliverables. Agile’s key concept is to ensure agility and flexibility especially in projects with frequently changing requirements. This method of project management is based on iterative delivery and incremental approach. If choosing Agile, you’ll be led by such key principles in implementation of app development process steps:

  • Individuals and interactions over processes;
  • Working software over constant work on documentation;
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiations;
  • Responding to change over following an always steady plan.

Key stakeholders in Agile:

  • Product Owner
  • Development Team
  • Project Manager
  • Project Sponsors

Other methodologies of SDLC include:

  • Continuous Integration
  • Incremental Development
  • Rapid Application development
  • Spiral development
  • Waterfall development

Stages of App Development

sdlc
Image source: https://inoxoft.com/stages-of-app-development/

Key app development processes that can be met in Agile and other methodologies of SDLC include the next steps: project initiation, requirements collection and analysis, planning, designing, development, testing, deployment, maintenance.

Project initiation and requirements analysis

If a picture of the project is consistent, then the expert team conducts requirements specification and agrees on improvements with a client if there are some. Designers draw prototypes and UI sketches. After, comes planning the activities and scheduling of what and when should be done.

Requirements analysis should be done professionally and ensure that end users’ needs are learned and clearly match their expectations. Requirements are classified from high-level to detailed that corresponds to: business requirements, user requirements and then system requirements that are the most important. The last is what the system does, how well the system performs, whether it suits user goals and user point of view.

Focus on the planning but not the plan

Planning increases project success by providing insights to project risks

Planning has more important functions. The team evaluates features, resources and schedule and finds the best solution for the question “What should we build?”. Good app development planning always goes along with:

  • Reducing risks;
  • Avoiding uncertainty;
  • Better decision making;
  • Establishing trust;
  • Conveying information;

The team estimates the costs and the benefits. Should we hire one more software engineer to have this feature done in the release? Should we move release to October but have a better product with these new features? You can plan release for September, but change requests happen and release can shift to October.
It is the same as finding optimal solutions currently, but not to think your plan is 100% ideal or put all efforts into planning rather than on development. Planning should concern planning of activities and tasks, not planning features. And it is also good for looking for forgotten activities.

Prototyping and Design

app development stages
Image source: https://inoxoft.com/stages-of-app-development/

Prototyping in the app development life cycle is a fast way to draw out the first design sketches for your app. It should direct to common vision with a customer over how the app will feel and what iterations there would be. After UI/UX designer can draw design of the app incorporating the best transitions, animations, styles to make the app feel smooth in using and convenient in navigation and have an intuitive interface.

Development

Development is done with the technology stack defined at the beginning of project. Software engineers work side by side with UI/UX designers and quality assurance engineers. Together with a project manager the team will have regular meetings with a client and reporting on daily or weekly basis depending on approaches and models of cooperation the company offers.

What Acceptance Criteria has to do with app development?

Acceptance Criteria are written by QA engineers and mean detailed and technical explanation of a feature for example: as a user I should be able to create that. Acceptance criteria are later formed into user stories. Product owners decide on prioritization of tasks, approve Acceptance Criteria and check the job done.

Development and Testing with Scrum — achieve more at less time

The basic idea of Scrum is to create a safe and change-free environment to enable a team to concentrate on the planned development tasks. The team plans out a sprint of typically two weeks and the idea is that they work uninterrupted during this period. This process really helps to get things done. It avoids the “new = important” trap where everyone thinks that this new idea is much more important than the one they came up with a month ago

Performance of the project depends on the competency of the team as well as on the right prioritization, expectation management, on-time releases. Struggle over insufficiencies in project management, intuitively chosen tasks for prioritization, never ending iterations and more have begun to wane. Software engineers, designers and testers often use Jira (or other software) boards to see their sprints and backlog. Jira tasks can be categorized in a way like this:

QA engineer moves the task to Done or In progress. Deployment of ready code written by engineers happens firstly in QA environment which is testing the environment for the app.
QA engineers test the developed functionality and if necessary, software engineers polish everything to reach total excellence and ensure the feature works according to acceptance criteria in a bugfree way.

What are sprints?

Agile sprints
Image source: https://inoxoft.com/stages-of-app-development/

So, what will the sprint look like? Following Scrum, the issue to solve, which consists of certain small tasks to implement, will be a sprint for 1–3 weeks. So, firstly project managers with engineers decide what tasks from backlog are the first to implement. They shift to estimating how much time will be spent on tasks in a sprint. Then they pull the issue from the backlog to Jira indicating estimated time for it, its status, epic link and responsible person. Then, software engineers can start building the code.

The team can have a grooming stage which is to review the backlog and ensure prioritized issues are ready for the next sprint. Grooming sessions are designed for the team to clarify all things, so that clients needs are known and there are no unexpected change requests. Change Request can be done only within the next sprint and it should be approved with a client. Only if the urgent need, then tasks can be substituted in the sprint. Sprint lasts for one-three weeks. Each sprint ends with a releasable increment visible for a product owner.

Deployment and maintenance

Application development phases are milestones of successful project implementation. One of the most effective approach is Agile which focuses on executing activities, meeting clients needs and requirements, maintaining flexibility in a team, but not focusing on reporting, paperwork and constant planning that does not bring results.

Originally published at https://inoxoft.com on October 13, 2020.

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